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Matrix Organizational Structure – A Quick Guide

Jason Westland
Publication date:
January 10, 2022
Article Summary: 

Matrix Organizational Structure – A Quick Guide

A matrix organizational structure is a combination of two or more organizational structure types. It is often used in project management because it speaks to both the product of the project and the function of the management producing it. It requires careful planning and team collaboration tools to foster cross-team collaboration and shared resource planning across projects. There are two chains of command, where project team members have two bosses or managers, a functional manager and a project manager. This two-boss matrix will employ the best of both organizational charts and management styles to strengthen strengths and make up for weaknesses.
A matrix organizational structure is not a one-size-fits-all solution, and there are advantages and disadvantages to consider when making a decision. It can benefit organizations by allowing the sharing of skilled resources between functional units and projects, fostering better cross-functional communications, and helping organizations achieve their goals at a faster pace. It is also great for employees who are looking to widen their experience and skill sets, as it puts them in an environment that facilitates learning and gives them an opportunity to grow professionally. However, there are also some cons associated with the use of matrix organizational structures, such as confusion about the organization's hierarchical structure and limited resources. Additionally, team members can feel the strain of working in a matrix organizational structure, as their workload can be heavy.


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Source Citation: 
Jason Westland
Matrix Organizational Structure – A Quick Guide
January 10, 2022
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