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Fixed-Price Contract: What You Need to Know for Your Project

William Malsam
Publication date:
May 20, 2021
Article Summary: 

Fixed-Price Contract: What You Need to Know for Your Project

A fixed-price contract is a contract where the agreed-upon price for the job is unchanged throughout the project. It is often used when dealing with a repeated process or when the project will be done over and over again to a standard set in advance. It is ideal for smaller projects with a limited scope and fewer variables that can impact the schedule, labor, materials and overall costs. It also simplifies the contract administration process and makes contracting with a customer much easier. The most important details in a construction contract are the owner, general contractor, scope of work, price and payment, support documents and costs, materials and labor, start and end dates, licensing and permits, tasks, work changes, warranties, indemnification, insurance, dispute resolutions, termination, inspection, and liquidated damages.

The owner is responsible for hiring the general contractor and managing the project, while the general contractor is responsible for managing subcontractors and third-party vendors. The scope of work includes project plans, schedule, specifications, etc. The price and payment are fixed and unchangeable, as well as the how and when payments will be made by the customer to the contractor. Supporting documents and costs include construction drawings, blueprints, exhibits and any other documents that need to be included in the contract. Materials and labor include the materials and labor employed to execute the project.

Start and End Dates include the starting and completion dates, but also milestones and other important dates. Licensing and Permits include who will be responsible for pulling the permits and licenses required for the construction project and what they are. Inspection includes the customer being given time to inspect the work of the contractor to make sure it conforms to their contract. Dispute resolutions include how disputes will be settled, whether by arbitration, mediation, etc. A fixed-price contract is one of several different types of contracts that have pros and cons.

It is easy to understand and allows customers and contractors to know how much the project will cost and how much they can spend. However, it is a profitable but risky proposition as the bids must be accurate and changes can be made during the execution of the project. Market prices can also change, impacting the project for good and ill. ProjectManager helps contractors stay on budget and meet deadlines on fixed-price contracts by providing a baseline budget and schedule to compare against what they're spending and how they're progressing. It also helps track costs on Gantt charts to ensure they stay below or at the figure when they deliver the project.


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Source Citation: 
William Malsam
Fixed-Price Contract: What You Need to Know for Your Project
May 20, 2021
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