top of page
White Columns
< Back

Carleton Condominium Corporation No. 95 v. Frederick - 2023 ONCAT 74 - 2023-05-31


CCC 95




It involves a dispute between Carleton Condominium Corporation No. 95 ("CCC 95") and a unit owner, regarding compliance with a non-smoking rule enacted by CCC 95. The rule came into effect on March 1, 2018, and a unit owner had been granted an exemption until February 29, 2020. CCC 95 alleges that the unit owner has been breaching the non-smoking rule by smoking in her unit, while the unit owner raises concerns about the rule's validity, reasonableness, and enforcement. The case examines whether CCC 95 followed proper procedures in enacting the rule, the reasonableness of the rule, and the enforcement of the rule against the unit owner.


CAT Decisions - Decision
Compliance with Governing Documents
Smoke and/or vapour


In the case of Carleton Condominium Corporation No. 95 v. Frederick, the Tribunal ruled in favor of the condominium corporation, finding that the non-smoking rule was properly enacted, reasonable, and enforceable. The respondent was ordered to comply with the rule, refraining from smoking in her unit except in designated outdoor areas. No costs were awarded due to the respondent's genuine concerns and the stress caused by the situation. This case highlights the importance of proper rule enactment procedures, the reasonableness of rules, and the duty of owners to comply with condominium rules, even if there are challenges to their enforcement.


The Carleton Condominium Corporation No. 95 v. Frederick case, decided on May 31, 2023, involves a dispute regarding compliance with a non-smoking rule within a condominium. Here are the key takeaways:

Proper Procedure Followed: The Tribunal found that the condominium corporation had followed the proper procedures when enacting the non-smoking rule in March 2018. The rule had been duly communicated to owners, and there was an opportunity for owners to request a meeting to amend or repeal the rule. No such meeting requests were made.

Reasonable Non-Smoking Rule: The non-smoking rule was deemed reasonable by the Tribunal. It was enacted to promote the safety, security, and welfare of owners by preventing unreasonable interference with the use and enjoyment of the units and common elements. The board provided a grace period for transition to a non-smoking building.

Enforcement of the Rule: The enforcement of the rule against the respondent was considered appropriate, given that she was smoking in violation of the non-smoking rule, irrespective of whether smoke or odors emanated from her unit. The board has a duty to take reasonable steps to ensure rule compliance.

No Costs Awarded: The Tribunal did not award costs to the condominium corporation, considering the stress and genuine concern expressed by the respondent in her submissions.

In summary, the Tribunal upheld the non-smoking rule and ordered the respondent to comply with it.


Clarity in Rule Enforcement: Condominium corporations should ensure clear and consistent enforcement of their rules and bylaws. In this case, the non-smoking rule was upheld as reasonable, and the unit owner was found to be in violation. Maintaining clear and consistent enforcement practices helps ensure that all residents understand the rules and can expect equitable treatment.

Community Engagement and Compromise: Condominium boards should engage with residents, particularly on significant rule changes, to build a sense of community and address concerns. While the board cannot be directed by the Tribunal to change a rule, they may consider reasonable compromises in response to genuine resident concerns. Engaging in dialogue and considering residents' needs can help prevent disputes and maintain a harmonious living environment.

Consideration of Individual Needs: Condominium boards should consider the needs of individual residents, particularly in cases where there are long-time residents who may be affected by new rules. While the board must act in the best interests of the entire community, finding ways to accommodate individual needs, where possible, can help maintain a positive living environment. In this case, sheltered smoking areas on the property were suggested as a potential compromise to balance the needs of long-time residents and the broader community.

bottom of page