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Callaghan v. York Condominium Corporation No. 242 - 2023 ONCAT 113 - 2023-08-14


CYCC 242




In te case of Challaghan v. York Condominium Corporation No. 242, the Applicant alleged that the Respondent, York Condominium Corporation No. 242 (YCC 242), breached the terms of a settlement agreement they had previously reached. The breaches pertained to the provision of specific records and payment within the agreed-upon deadlines. The Applicant also claimed a breach of confidentiality due to certain information being posted publicly on YCC 242's website. The Tribunal, in this Decision, addressed these issues and determined whether the Respondent was in violation of the settlement agreement.


CAT Decisions - Decision
Access to Records
Adequacy of Records
Compliance with Settlement Agreement
Fees, Costs, Penalties


Quick Verdict:

In Callaghan v. York Condominium Corporation No. 242 (2023 ONCAT 113), the Applicant succeeded in demonstrating that the Respondent breached certain terms of a settlement agreement. The Tribunal ordered the Respondent to reimburse the Applicant for the cost of filing the application but declined to impose a penalty or award compensation for damages due to a breach of confidentiality, emphasizing the importance of providing concrete evidence of harm when seeking compensation. Additionally, the Tribunal clarified that its authority to impose penalties or fees ended once the settlement agreement was finalized, and such issues should be addressed during the mediation process.


Key Takeaways from Callaghan v. York Condominium Corporation No. 242 (2023 ONCAT 113):

Enforcement of Settlement Agreements: This case emphasizes the importance of enforcing the terms of a settlement agreement. Parties involved in a condominium dispute should take the terms of their settlements seriously, as failure to abide by them can lead to further legal action.

Confidentiality: Condominium corporations should be diligent in safeguarding the confidentiality of mediation proceedings and settlement agreements. Breaches of confidentiality can lead to disputes, even if no material harm is proven.

Penalties and Fees: While the Tribunal has authority to impose penalties for certain breaches, such penalties may not apply to issues related to the enforcement of settlement agreements. Applicants should address penalty issues during mediation when the settlement agreement is being finalized.

Reimbursement of Fees: Successful applicants in condominium disputes can be entitled to reimbursement for costs, such as the filing fee for their application. This case demonstrates that reimbursement of fees may be awarded to the applicant when they are successful in their application.

Burden of Proof for Damages: When seeking compensation for damages, applicants need to provide evidence of actual harm rather than speculation. In this case, the applicant's claim for compensation for damages due to a breach of confidentiality was not supported by concrete evidence of harm.


Clear Communication and Dispute Resolution Protocols: Encourage clear and open communication between condominium unit owners and condominium corporations, especially when it comes to resolving disputes or breaches of agreements. Develop and maintain effective communication channels and protocols to ensure that both parties understand their responsibilities and timelines. Early communication can help prevent issues from escalating and potentially leading to legal actions.

Strict Adherence to Settlement Agreements: Condominium corporations should emphasize the importance of adhering to the terms and conditions of settlement agreements reached through the Condominium Authority Tribunal (CAT) or other dispute resolution mechanisms. It is vital to ensure that both parties fully comply with the agreed-upon terms to avoid further disputes or potential penalties. Legal counsel should provide guidance to ensure compliance with these agreements.

Education on Confidentiality and Privacy: Condominium corporations should invest in training and educating their staff, board members, and agents on the importance of maintaining confidentiality and privacy, particularly regarding sensitive information related to mediation or dispute resolution. This education can help prevent inadvertent breaches of confidentiality and ensure that personal information and legal proceedings are adequately protected.

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